EHS Management

Auditing and Verification

The management of any facility requires a watchful eye to ensure regulations and procedures are followed and the intent of management is met.  By conducting audits, companies can be assured that prescribed environmental and safety procedures are properly performed.  It is an approach that makes good business sense.  The lack of proper oversight can adversely impact not only local communities but also the health and well-being of employees. Regulatory fines, increased costs, a poor reputation, and low employee morale can result.     Prevention — Trinity can help you evaluate environmental and safety systems to find issues before they become problems.  With our extensive auditing resources, skills, and experience, we will help you maintain and improve compliance management systems so your company can achieve economic, employee, and community success. Staffing — Increased regulations for monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting make it difficult to ensure proper oversight of operations, especially if an Environmental Health & Safety department is operating with minimal resources.  Trinity’s professional staff provides the additional resources needed to perform EHS audits.  We provide objective assessments of your compliance status, recommend changes to correct problems, and provide guidance on correcting the system to ensure improved performance in the future. The Process Approach — The most effective method of auditing a management system is to employ the Process Approach.  It is a key to examining systems such as ISO 14001, RC 14001, OHSAS 18001, and EPA’s Performance Track Program.  Following the Process Approach, we analyze the actions that precede each operation and the actions that follow.  We determine which inputs are necessary for proper completion and which outputs are necessary for the next step to be successful.  Originally applied to quality in manufacturing, the Process Approach is fundamental in evaluating environmental and safety performance.   Examples of Our Work  Rapid, multi-site deployment - A client company requested Trinity’s support regarding its potential acquisition of assets used to generate electricity and transport and store fuel.  Because several of the assets were located in environmentally restrictive locations, the client needed a quantitative valuation of existing and future environmental obligations.  Trinity used a rapid due diligence deployment of resources and played a vital role in the client’s overall bid package.  To meet the tight time frame, we mobilized multiple teams to perform research, conduct site visits, and assess the environmental obligations. Management system selection and implementation - A multi-national building materials company engaged Trinity to assist in the creation, documentation, and implementation of an EHS management system.  The project began with an evaluation of various models, including ISO 14001, RC 14001, and OHSAS 18001.  After a model was selected, Trinity performed a gap analysis to compare current processes with the selected approach. Then we designed and implemented a pilot site and toolkit that was used for implementation at 50 company sites.   Trinity provides three major kinds of EH&S Auditing:   Regulatory Compliance Auditing Auditing systems to evaluate compliance with regulations is especially important because of potential liability issues.  Trinity develops a protocol for compliance audits and assesses site performance related to EPA and OSHA regulations, including state and local requirements.   Corporate EH&S Audits Audits are structured to assess a company’s performance against its own internal standards.  These audits often exceed regulatory requirements and encompass industry best practices.  Trinity can either develop a protocol or use an existing corporate protocol.  In addition, audits can be performed by a Trinity team or a team that combines Trinity and client personnel.   Management Systems Assessments Trinity’s auditing professionals evaluate an organization’s conformance with standards such as ISO 14001, RC 14001, OHSAS 18001, and other EHS management systems. The process includes elements such as the following:    Gap analysis — A gap analysis compares an organization’s existing system with the requirements of an EHS standard in order to identify areas of nonconformance, or gaps. The work plan that results is a roadmap for implementation. Pre-registration readiness audits — A readiness assessment helps assure that all systems are implemented and that there is sufficient evidence available to move forward with certification.  This process increases the likelihood of a successful registration experience, potentially reducing total cost. Additionally, Trinity provides a variety of customized services that include training and on-site assistance during the registration audit. Internal audits — Trinity can audit internal EHS systems to evaluate performance against standard requirements and corporate objectives.  When problems are found, we advise on system improvements and maintenance. Enterprise-wide assessments — Trinity supports corporate staff in the unique challenge they face when planning and implementing an enterprise-wide EHS assessment process.  This includes developing customized EHS standards, a best-in-class system rollout, communication procedures, and training.  We also create implementation toolkits and guidance materials.   During a compliance audit, Trinity reviews all relevant data, including applications, permits, plot plans, construction history, emissions calculations, monitoring information, regulatory reports, process flow diagrams, and operational data.  We typically visit the site to ensure that all emissions sources have been identified.   Our next step is to perform a regulatory applicability analysis to identify all federal, state, and local requirements for each emissions source.  Based on this information, we determine unit-by-unit compliance and suggest corrective actions, classifying non-compliance findings based on severity and recommending best management practices.  This allows our clients to make informed decisions on how to address compliance issues.  The result is a complete picture of all regulatory requirements, a plan to attain and maintain compliance, and a basis for establishing an annual compliance audit plan.   Benchmarking Study Trinity recently conducted a benchmarking study on EH&S auditing practices among industrial companies.  More than 100 companies responded from a cross-section of industries.  Read the Auditing Benchmarking Report to learn about common auditing practices as well as Trinity's recommended best practices. For EHS auditing assistance, contact your local Trinity office at (800) 229-6655.  


California GHG and Offset Project Verification Services

About California Assembly Bill 32 California’s Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Assembly Bill 32 or AB 32) sets forth an aggressive program to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs) from nearly every sector of the state’s economy, including manufacturing, electricity, transportation, agriculture, consumer products, and others.  The primary objective of AB 32 is to implement emission reduction strategies and programs that reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020 initially, with additional reductions by the year 2050.   Independent Verification Requirement for GHG Reporting Program As part of AB 32, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) promulgated mandatory reporting regulations (MRR) in December 2007 that require entities to calculate and report their GHG emissions for specific industry sectors and for general stationary combustion sources with emissions greater than or equal to 10,000 metric tons (MT) of CO2e per year.  In addition, for those facilities with emissions that equal or exceed 25,000 MT-CO2e per year, accredited third-party verification is required (and AB 32 cap-and-trade obligations apply).  The independent verification of GHG emissions data by an accredited verification body (VB) is an important element of ARB’s MRR and cap-and-trade regulation to ensure reliable and accurate data.   Independent Verification Requirement for Offset Projects Offset projects can be used to generate GHG offset credits, which represent a removal or reduction of GHGs by a measurable, quantifiable, and verifiable activity.  All compliance offset projects must be developed according to ARB-approved compliance offset protocols.  To be eligible providers of ARB offset credits, offset project operators must register their offset projects with an approved offset project registry.  Furthermore, offset projects must be independently verified by an accredited offset verification body, which has the required verification staff who are trained and accredited for the specific type of offset project.  Once verified, the offsets generated from the offset project may be sold to AB 32 subject entities, who can use a limited number of offset credits to satisfy up to 8% of their annual compliance obligations under the cap-and-trade program. Partnering with Trinity Consultants Our ARB-accredited offset verification and GHG verification services are performed by experienced environmental professionals with engineering backgrounds, most with advanced degrees and professional certifications.  Our multidisciplinary staff provides the highest-quality verification services that enhance regulatory compliance while maximizing operational flexibility.  Trinity serves its clients through an unparalleled combination of regulatory expertise, technical proficiency, responsiveness, and creative thinking.  In addition, Trinity’s Quality Management System ensures that clients consistently receive high-quality verification services.  Trinity’s AB 32 GHG verification team provides the following unique benefits to our clients:  Accredited Verification Services for All Sectors:  Trinity is an accredited offset and GHG verification body.  Our team includes experienced ARB-accredited offset verifiers and GHG verifiers with all four types of sector specific accreditations (i.e., General, Oil and Gas, Process, and Transaction). Proven Track Record:  As one of the most active ARB-accredited verification bodies in California, Trinity completes more than 50 verifications annually, with resoundingly positive feedback. Recognized Industry Leader:  Trinity is recognized as an industry leader in air quality and climate change issues. In-depth Knowledge:  Trinity’s team has extensive experience based on in-depth knowledge of GHG emission inventories and GHG-related regulatory requirements. High Quality Work Products:  Trinity’s consulting and verification practices and operations are quality assured for delivery of superior technical products. Relevant Project Experience:  Trinity has relevant experience in GHG verifications, GHG management and emission reduction plans, enterprise-wide inventories, and carbon foot-printing exercises for national and international corporations across various industry sectors and locations. Cost Effectiveness:  Trinity offers cost-competitive project budgets and works efficiently using in-house checklists, protocols, and other tools developed during extensive GHG emissions verification/inventory projects.  Local California Offices:  Fully staffed offices with accredited verifiers are strategically located to cover the entire state, including Northern California, Central California, and Southern California.  Industry Clients Trinity’s verification team has provided GHG verification services to the following industry sectors:  Aerospace Agriculture Cement and lime manufacturing Chemicals production Colleges and universities Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction General manufacturing Metals and minerals mining Natural gas distribution Petroleum refining Power entities (electricity transactions) Power generation Pulp and Paper  Related Services In addition to GHG and offset project verification services, Trinity offers a wide variety of other climate change, sustainability, and GHG-related services:  ARB and EPA MRR reporting  Cap-and-trade forecasting and compliance Cap-and-trade benchmark evaluation and rulemaking support GHG verification in other programs and registries (e.g., CDP, CAR, and VCS) GHG program training GHG emission reduction plans    For more information on how Trinity can assist you, please contact: GHG and Offset Verification:  Dr. Charles Lee, Principal Consultant -  (949) 567-9880 x102  Other GHG-related assistance:  Steve Walters, Principal Consultant - (949) 567-9880 x118  


CDP Verification and Assurance

The international non-profit organization, CDP (formerly Carbon Disclosure Project) has established the world’s largest repository of data on key environmental parameters (particularly carbon and energy) as reported voluntarily by companies and cities.  Climate data is collected from over 5,000 companies annually and used for investment decisions by many organizations, including financial information platforms. Thus, it is important that the climate data submitted are accurate and supported by reasonable assumptions. One of CDP’s strategic aims is to promote third-party verification as an integral part of the disclosure process to meet the growing demand for reliable and accurate data. Importance of Third-Party Verification  Numerous benefits are realized by a reporting entity from an independent verification of CDP climate change and sustainability data and information.    Higher CDP response scores Improved stakeholder perceptions Increased data reliability Carbon inventory improvement   Trinity’s GHG Verification Team consists of environmental professionals with science and engineering backgrounds, most with advanced degrees and professional certifications. Our multi-disciplined staff provides the highest quality verification services that enhance regulatory compliance while maximizing operational flexibility. Trinity helps its clients accomplish this by combining regulatory expertise, technical proficiency, responsiveness, and creative thinking. Trinity’s GHG Verification Team provides the following unique benefits to our clients:    Subject matter expertise: Trinity is experienced with sustainability scoring assessments and corporate responsibility disclosure programs, including CDP Industry leader recognition: Trinity is recognized as an industry leader in air quality and climate change issues In-depth knowledge: Trinity’s team has in-depth knowledge and understanding of GHG emission inventories and GHG-related regulatory requirements Verification accreditation: Trinity is an accredited verification body with team members that have various credentials and accreditations including the following: California Air Resource Board (ARB) accredited Lead Verifiers, with all three sector specific accreditations (Oil and Gas, Process, and Transaction)ARB accredited Offset Project Lead VerifiersCertified Professional Environmental Auditors through the Board of EHS Auditor Certifications (BEAC)Certified RABQSA (Exemplar Global) Environmental Management Systems Lead AuditorsBEAC Certification Committee membersLead Assessors in ANSI’s GHG accreditation program High quality product: Trinity’s consulting and verification practices and operations follow ISO 9001 standards, ensuring the delivery of high quality technical products Relevant project experiences: Trinity has relevant experience in GHG verifications, GHG management plans, enterprise-wide inventories, and carbon footprinting exercises for national and international corporations across various industry sectors and multiple locations Streamlined process: Trinity works efficiently with in-house checklists, protocols, and other tools developed during prior GHG emissions verification/ inventory projects Proven track record: Trinity’s sector leading track record includes the completion of over 100 GHG emission inventory projects and over 50 GHG verification projects annually   For any questions regarding the CDP climate data verification services, please contact Dr. Charles Lee, Principal Consultant, at (949) 567-9880 or, or Mr. Rich Pandullo, Director, at (919) 462-9693 or  


Due Diligence Support

Trinity helps clients minimize business and environmental risk and maximize enterprise value with critical due diligence support.  We are able to respond to demanding transaction deadlines and deliver timely and valuable assessments for key decision makers.  We support buyers and sellers with a variety of due diligence assessments, including:     Evaluating the true operating capacity of assets based on restrictions and representations in environmental documents and permits Determining the financial impact of future regulations (recently promulgated, still in the proposal stage, or under consideration by regulatory bodies) on specific facilities, companies, and  industry sectors Conducting Phase I Environmental Site Assessments for prospective buyers, which characterize potential environmental liabilities (e.g., spills, leaks, or groundwater contamination) with respect to key environmental regulations such as Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)/Superfund Preparing Enhanced Phase I reports, which combine traditional Phase I components with a regulatory compliance review Performing Full Risk Impact Evaluations, which consider economic factors by examining current and future applicable environmental requirements and their impacts on operational costs and expansion opportunities   Our experienced staff supports due diligence assessments for industrial clients, financial institutions, and law firms as representatives of buyers and sellers during asset transfers.  As an integral part of the due diligence team we strive for innovative solutions that reduce environmental risks for sellers prior to a transaction.  Similarly, we utilize our environmental and business knowledge and technical resources to identify and quantify potential risks and expenditures for buyers, and develop plans to minimize or eliminate those risks post transaction.     For assistance, contact your local Trinity office at (800) 229-6655.      


EHS Business Risk Management

Companies traditionally manage EHS risks and performance through establishment of management systems, compliance programs, and compliance auditing programs.  Even though these measures may be implemented systematically, they’re often designed specifically to address established EHS standards and requirements and measure associated conformance.  However, business risks map across strategic, operational, compliance and reporting (financial and non-financial) dimensions, and across the entire enterprise (i.e., corporate, regions, businesses, functions, facilities).  Because EHS risks are inexorably embedded in business risk areas, they can be difficult to segregate and effectively manage.  And, because it is not just a company’s EHS professionals that perform work to address EHS requirements, risks and performance, many other functions can be involved (e.g., finance and accounting, human resources, legal, operations, maintenance, supply chain).    Trinity raises the bar on how we help our clients by applying an enterprise-wide business risk view to addressing EHS compliance, risk and performance management:   EHS business risk assessments and implementation consulting that incorporate environmental, health and safety, sustainability/carbon, and business/operational considerations Assessment of EHS function/organization and infrastructure effectiveness and improvement  Assessment, improvement, and development of EHS compliance auditing programs EHS business risk management training   Trinity’s EHS business risk assessment encompasses several of the following stages:   Understand the tone-at-the-top, including overall governance, control environment, and objectives, as well as roles and responsibilities between corporate, business and facility level organizations Assess the existence and effectiveness of procedures, management controls and systems for EHS and associated business functions Ascertain how effectively corporate-level requirements and expectations are being implemented and integrated into business- and site-level operations Benchmark the client’s EHS program to those of competitors and customers to provide insight into attributes of EHS compliance, risk and performance management programs, and to identify potential improvement opportunities Identify strengths, gaps, and improvement opportunities as a basis to plan and implement program improvements   Following this process provides our clients with a holistic approach to assessing and improving EHS functional effectiveness, and management of EHS compliance, risk and performance.    For assistance, please contact John P. Fillo, PhD, CPEA at


EHS Management Systems

ISO 14000 is an internationally recognized environmental management standard with its origins in sustainable development.  While not for everyone, ISO 14001 certification may be appropriate for multi-national organizations or for those being required to obtain certification by their customers (e.g. suppliers to IBM, Ford, and GM).  It may also provide a strategic business advantage for companies attempting to enter new markets or promote a record of environmental stewardship.  Additionally, the American Chemistry Council (ACC)’s Responsible Care® program for environmental, health, and safety management has merged with ISO 14001 to create the Responsible Care 14001 initiative. Companies that are ACC members have the option to use one certification process to register that their management systems conform with both the Responsible Care program and ISO 14001.   In contrast to a regulatory-driven approach to environmental management, ISO 14000 challenges organizations to establish their own environmental objectives, develop effective implementation strategies, measure progress, commit to continual improvement, improve employee awareness, and establish individual and collective responsibilities.  Trinity Consultants assists clients in preparing for ISO 14001 certification in a variety of ways.   Performing a gap analysis between existing environmental management systems and ISO 14001 (Environmental Management System – Specification with Guidance for Use) or Responsible Care 14001 requirements Developing and implementing missing EMS elements Coaching clients on how to achieve real, measurable value from an EMS Training management and employees Documenting ISO 14001 conformity Assisting with self-certification For assistance with selection, implementation, or preparing for certification under a management system, please contact your local Trinity office at (800) 229-6655.    


Energy Management

Trinity recognizes the unmistakable connection between energy efficiency and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation.  Our climate change specialists assist industrial organizations in developing energy management strategies and implementing cost-saving measures to improve operational efficiency while lowering GHG emissions.  Our interdisciplinary team analyzes the technical, economic, and regulatory factors critical for determining the feasibility of energy improvement options.  Trinity's energy management specialists deliver value in the following areas:   Analyzing energy cost and usage data to identify priority areas for potential improvements Evaluating technology changes (e.g., compressor, refrigeration systems), fuel switches, and energy conservation options related to operational practices Ranking energy reduction options by feasibility, costs, and business impact in the near-term and over time using carbon, fuel, and electricity price escalators Identifying financing options for renewable energy technology implementation Conducting energy audits and facilitating the implementation of priority improvements Delivering energy efficiency awareness training to staff to improve conservation efforts Examining the feasibility of relevant market mechanisms - especially the banking versus purchase of renewable energy credits and carbon offsets   In addition, Trinity partners with specialty partners to target energy management in process-intensive sectors and to maximize the monetary benefit of operational changes including alternative energy technology implementation.    For assistance with energy management, contact your local office at (800) 229-6655.


Litigation Support

When environmental and industrial safety issues become litigious, our senior staff work with clients' legal counsel to provide the appropriate support.  Our senior staff are familiar with and experienced in discovery, deposition, settlement, and trial proceedings.  Trinity's experienced environmental litigation support group assists legal counsel in several ways:  Regulatory interpretation - We provide practical and historical interpretation of regulations as various regulatory authorities implement them. Our extensive historical environmental regulatory library is without parallel. Technical support - We perform the technical analyses and provide scientific evidence necessary to evaluate the merits of a case.  Expert testimony - We provide expert testimony on a host of environmental and safety-related issues.  Trinity staff have assisted legal counsel in litigation support as both Consulting and Testifying Experts.  In one or both roles, Trinity staff have provided expert opinions on a wide range of matters, including: Air dispersion modeling, including gaseous dispersion and particle deposition analyses Emissions quantification, including forensic emission inventories going back nearly 100 years Emissions and air quality measurement, and associated data interpretation and trend analysis, including forensic speciation analysis of complex mixtures of pollutants from a number of sources and various environmental media Regulatory interpretation of complex programs including state and federal permit programs (Nonattainment New Source Review, Prevention of Significant Deterioration and Title V) Administrative variance and enforcement proceedings Licensing, permitting, and certification proceedings before local, state and federal regulatory agencies Product liability and patent litigation Litigation alleging harm to individuals and/or property (toxic tort litigation)   Consulting expertise – We render legal advice to parties involved in environmental litigation.  As a Consulting Expert, Trinity senior staff work closely alongside legal counsel, assisting with strategic advice and testifying experts, reviewing draft discovery materials briefs, and draft expert reports, evaluating settlement proposals and options, and preparing the testifying team for deposition and trial.  Counsel and witness training - We provide training to attorneys faced with unfamiliar technical issues, and to testifying witnesses from the perspective of a scientific witness operating in a contentious legal environment.  Our litigation support experts include:    John P. Iwanski – Air quality regulations and permitting, pollutant dispersion, enforcement resolution Dan Risch - Forensic meteorology, expert testimony, forecasting, climatology Gary Rubenstein - Air quality regulations, compliance matters, and public health implications Hung-Ming (Sue) Sung, Ph.D. – Air quality and noise impact analysis For assistance, contact one of our experts listed above or your local Trinity office at (800) 229-6655.


NEPA / EIA Support

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was enacted by Congress in 1970 (42 U.S.C.A. §4321-4370d) with the main goal of incorporating a “stop and think” step into the procedural aspect of the federal project review process.  The Act requires that all federal agencies consider the environmental impacts of their actions and possible alternatives to those actions during the planning phases.     Under NEPA, the agency making the decision on the action (the Lead Agency) will determine the adequate level of NEPA review required for a specific project.  There are three possible levels of review.  The simplest level of review is a Categorical Exclusion (CatEx).  This level is reserved for proposed actions which have been historically deemed not to cause significant impacts (actions which have been thoroughly evaluated previously and determined not to pose significant effects).   The second tier of review is the Environmental Assessment (EA).  This represents a more thorough level of review than a CatEx, and may yield either a finding of no-significant impact (FONSI) or the need for an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).   Finally, the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is the highest level of environmental review reserved for “major federal actions” which may have “significant effects” on the quality of the “human environment.”     Trinity Consultants’ team of scientists, consultants, and project managers are experienced in developing and managing diverse NEPA projects and compliance activities.  Trinity staff assist with all aspects of NEPA compliance including:   Development of purpose and need Alternatives development and evaluation Direct and cumulative study area development Characterization of the affected environment Categorical Exclusion (CX) determinations Environmental baseline surveys Environmental Assessments (EA) development  Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) development Findings of No Significant Impact (FONSI) drafting Records of Decision (ROD) review   Trinity Consultants’ diverse staff also has related expertise in air quality and noise modeling, ambient monitoring, and technical support.  Consequently,, Trinity can assist NEPA project proponents and lead agencies with needed resources that often require additional technical expertise and time.   For assistance with NEPA/EIA, please contact David Strohm at or (208) 472-8837.    


Pipeline Safety

Federal pipeline safety statutes allow for states to assume safety authority over the intrastate gas and hazardous liquid pipelines, and states must adopt at least the minimum pipeline safety regulations. These regulations require risk-based program development and reporting to protect people and the environment from the risks inherent in the pipeline transportation of hazardous materials.  Trinity Consultants supports many pipeline companies with their environmental and safety challenges. Trinity’s pipeline compliance support includes the following:  Tracking applicable regulatory developments, including state-specific regulatory developments Determining pipeline, breakout tank, and dock line regulatory applicability Conducting due diligence reviews for the purchase of pipelines and pipeline facilities Assisting with the preparation and submission of the following reports for gas and hazardous liquid pipelines:National pipeline registryAnnual reportsIncident/accident reportsSafety-related condition reports  Assisting with the preparation and implementation of the following plans and manuals:Gas and hazardous liquid pipeline procedural manual for operations, maintenance, and emergency response, including annual review and updatesGas transmission and distribution integrity management programsControl Room Management (CRM) plansOnshore oil pipeline spill response plans and facility response plans (FRPs)  Conducting pipeline safety program audits Training personnel on pipeline safety program execution Assisting clients during agency inspections and meetings For assistance, contact your local Trinity office at (800) 229-6655 or Georgette Reeves at (512) 349-5800 or